Informations on Africa and Latin American development
Millénium Development Goals in Africa and Latin America
and the Carribbea
The 2009 Report of the United Nations on Millennium Development Goals
for Sub-Saharan Africa is very pessimistic.
Goal 1 of UN MDGs,
eradicate extreme poverty and hunger is far to achieve. The proportion of people living on less than $ 1.25 a day decreased only from 57% in 1999 to 51% in 2008. On the other hand, the extreme poverty in Latin America and the Caribbean diminished from 11% in 1999 to 8% in 2005.
Partly, increase in food price in Africa is responsible of hanger in Africa.
As Goal 2 of MDGs, achieve universal primary education , remained unchanged in
Latin America and the Caribbean. From 2000 and 2007, the percentage of this indicator, 94%, was satisfactory. This goal improved in Africa. The % of enrolment was increased from 58% in 2000 to 74% in 2007.
However, we have recognised that the rate of enrolment did not mean that
Children achieved school year without dropped out.
Goal 6 of MDGs, combat HIV/AIDS, as of 2007, about 48
Million children in sub-Saharan Africa had lost one or both parents to AIDS or other causes. More prevention action should be undertaken.
From 1999 to 2006, the death of many women teachers due to AIDS
Resulted in frequent interruption of primary school class.
As to Goal 7 of MDGs, Ensure environment sustainability in Africa,
it should be said that forest loss was much bigger than forest gain both in Africa
and in Latin America and the Caribbean. The annual net change in forest zone
from 2000 to 2005, was respectively - 4.1 Millions of hectares per year and
-4.7 Millions of hectares per year. It is not wrong to predict that population that needs access to sanitation facility in sub-Saharan Africa in 2015 is 370 millions.
Finally, for Goal 8 of MDGs, Develop a global partnership for development,
the average total official development assistance ( oda) represented in 2008 0.3
% of developed country's GNP far bellow the target which was 0.7 %.
We have to congratulate Danmark, Sweden, Norway and the Netherlands
for their effort beyond 0.7 % of UN target.
Unfortunately, the most part of net ODA, $119.8 billion, were spent for debt payment and humanitarian purpose. There was no real money to invest in development projects in LDCs.
This issue, development financing is a real task that the United Nations, their
partners ,World Bank, IMF and European Union and regional development banks must resolve this urgent question.
20 November 2009
The United Nations had met in March 2015 in order to discuss what to do with MDGs ( 2001 to 2015).
The Member States of Africa and South America were not responsible toendorse the optimistic assessment of MDGs prepared by the consultants of UNDP. Idnetwork was very critical vis à vis their view of UNDP proposing the same development strategies which failed in particular in LDC's countries. Our position paper on this issue will be
published by 1 December 2015.
4 July 2015
By Tae-Ho Yoo,
President of International Development Network ( idnetwork)