Korean War again?


 Published , 1 June 2009 ( E-2)

The Regime of North Korea attempts to invade again South Korea by all means.

It should be remembered how the Korean War occurred and ended.

In 1947 the United Nations dispatched a Temporary Commission to Korea for organising in 1948 the general elections to constitute a Government throughout Korean peninsula. However, the Soviet Union occupying North Korea started to form a strong army of North Korea to unify the country by force and boycotted the mission of UN Temporary Commission.


In May 1948, under the supervision of the UN Temporary Commission, the general elections were organised in order only in South Korea. The first Republic of Korea was proclaimed and recognised by UN General Assembly in December 1948.

Immediately, the Government of South Korea drew attention to US Government on the necessity to train the army of South Korea in order to face the eventual military aggression of North Korean Army. Unfortunately, US Government did not believe the real intention of Soviet Union to annex South Korea by force in its communist bloc. However, on the occasion of his 70th anniversary, in December 1949, Joseph Stalin, invited MaoTche-Doung and Kim Il-Sung to Moscow and imposed the plan of attack by North Korean Army against South Korea on June 1950.

As foreseen by the military experts of South Korea, on 25 June 1950, the armed forces of North Korean regime launched an attack by surprise beyond the 38th parallel, which was established by USSR and USA.


It took only 3 days for North Korean Army to occupy the capital of South Korea. It was not difficult to expect such catastrophe, as the superiority in arms and in man of North Korean Army to South Korean Army was absolutely evident. It proved also that the American Intelligence failed to evaluate correctly the North Korean strength.


On 27 June 1950, the Security Council of the United Nations condemned the aggression of North Korea and appealed to free nations to come to rescue South Korea, under Article 41 and 42 of the UN Charter. While 6 Soviet bloc's countries opposed to the resolution of Security Council, 53 Member countries replied all to the appeal of Secretary-General Trygve Lie to bring military and civil assistance to South Korea under the UN unified command of General Douglas MacArthur. South Korea and 17 free countries formed the ground, air and naval forces and 5 countries sent medical staff and hospital ships. It is worthy to mention these countries. The combatant foreign countries were USA, UK, France, Canada, Belgium, Luxembourg, Greece, Colombia, Ethiopia, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand's, the Netherlands and China (Formosa). The medical assistance countries were Danmark, Italy, India, Sweeden and Norway.


By September 1950, the magic strategy of General MacArthur consisting of establishing breaking line from Inchon port worked out. The UN Forces succeeded in throwing out the troop of North Korea beyond of 38 Parallel. However, the Korean War lasted until 7 July 1953. Staline and Kim Il-Sung were entirely responsible of provoking this war which resulted in heavy casualties: death and wounded of 474 000 combatants in UN side and 886 000 in North Korean and Chinese side and 2 million dead of civilians in both sides of Korea. Although the Armistice was signed on 27 July 1953, on 38th Parallel and many people suffered, the meaning of this war was that the United Nations did not allow any country to invade another country.


Fifty six years after its invasion of South Korea, the Regime of North Korea attempts to invade again South Korea by all means.

In spite of this historical lesson and unanimous warning and condemnation of the world community against its nuclear test and missile demonstration, the regime of Kim Jung-Il declared the war against South Korea on 27 May 2009.


During last ten years, under the sunshine policy of Kim Dae-Jung, the regime of North Korea abused the generosity of South Korean people. They paid already more than $ 15 Billion and are still paying the considerable amount of money and sending rice and oil to North Korea for North Korean people. In stead of developing agricultural economy in order to feed hungered poor people, the regime of North Korea mobilised all the financial resources including the South Korean money in producing the arms of massive destruction. We remember the scandal of cigarette business and hedge fund business in Macao, which the regime of North Korea undertook several years back.


It should be remembered that in 1990, the regime invited Professor Kim Sang-Hyup, Prime Minister of South Korea to Pyongyang to sign the act for the denuclearization of Korean peninsula in condition that South Korea did not oppose the entry of North Korea in the United Nations. Thus, both Korea were admitted to the United Nations in 1991. The promise of North Korea for the denuclearization of Korea was a simple ruse to enter the UN organisation. It withdrew later unilaterally from Korea Armistice Agreement and NPT.


The Six Party Talk (USA, China, Russia, Japan, South Korea and North Korea) on the nuclear issue of North Korea was considered as logic and coherent instrument for providing development and security by Big three and reducing tension in this area. Before taking office of the United Nations, actual UN Secretary-General invested a lot in this forum as the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of South Korea. In October 2005, the regime of North Korea declared to world it would give up definitively the nuclear project. But suddenly, the North regime made a volte-face and tested a missile test over Japan in 2006 and recently undertook underground nuclear test.

This up side - down, cold and warm mad behaviour became a real danger for the world. The historical lesson for the cause of big war showed that the big wars started from a simple local conflicts and took escalating process to world conflict. Therefore, the world community should not overlook this intolerable behaviour of Kim Jong-Il.


The regime of North Korea considers that the United Nations is a good stage where he can play its propaganda drama for surviving. During last ten years, US Government could not do anything except looking at the show of this North Korean drama, as the Korean Administration did a lot of concession to the regime of North Korea.

South Korea tried to bring out North Korea of international isolation and create a joint economic space.
In 2004, the tourist project was developed by Hyundai. The people of South Korea could travel into Diamond Mountain in North East costal area by cruise. The tourist facilities were built by Hyundai and almost 1000 North Korean workers were employed.
In 2005 the industrial park was also built by South Korean firms in Keasong , located 10 kilometres from Demilitarized Zone. Already 31000 North Korean workers ware employed in 2008 by 72 South Korean firms. The Bank of Korea projected that by 2012, 725 000 North Korean workers will earn $ 500 million and by 2017 the corporate tax will amount to $ 1.78 billion. However, recently the authority of North Korea could not ensure the security of South Korean personnel. Several people were evacuated from Kaesong. Facing the threat of North Korea, it is not sure that this project can endure.


Thus, both governments lost a lot of time. Meantime, the regime of North Korea made several nuclear bombs and many short range missiles which can reach easily South Korea and Japan.


By its mad missile card, the regime of North Korea forced Japan to rearm its army heavily, even possible and rapid production of nuclear arms. I do not think that China wants that situation. Neither Russia wants that situation.


The menace of North Korea is real. It wants to unify by force Korea and come to South Korea to confiscate all the wealth of South Korea, which was made with a lot of people's sacrifice. It thinks it will be more economic to annex rich South Korea in its regime, instead of working hard to build a durable economy. The entire people are suffering from hunger and submitted to severe dictatorship in North Korea. More than 15 000 north Koreans left North Korea and live in South Korea. The regime of North Korea fell again in the category of "Etat Voyou"


There is a possible explanation for this. While South Korea opened its door to the world economy and evolved in the global change, the regime of Kim Jong-Il remained for long time in "ermite" state by refusing looking at rapid change occurring in China and fall of Berlin Wall . Its isolation was accentuated by its retrograded communist ideology and under development, otherwise abject extreme poverty. However, this explanation is a theatrical rhetoric and will serve nothing in the actual dangerous situation.


The urgent question is how we can stop immediately North Korean escalating to war.


Although USA are tied in Afghanistan and Iraq, the US army chiefs are declaring they are ready to fight, Russian and Chinese chancelleries are asking again explanation to the ambassadors of North Korea. They will cry again by saying USA, JAPAN and South Korea will attack North Korea. This song is well known. Meantime, the North Korean ships, aircraft's and tanks are charging their batteries in direction to South Korea and Japan.


The decision of LMB Government for its participation in the PSI (Nuclear Proliferation Security Initiative) is a right decision in terms of legitimate self-defence, because 3 resolutions of UN Security Council in 3 deferent periods against the missile test of North Korea did not serve anything.

There are four recommendations in order:


1) It is urgent for the LMB Government to declare the state of urgency for the legitimate defence of South Korea. This declaration should be limited to a defensive and safeguarding nature for securing South Korean civilians.


2) The United Nations should send immediately a special commission to the Demilitarised Zone of Korea in order to check the military concentration of North Korean forces in southern part of North Korea and envisage preventive military measures in South Korea.

3) It should be advisable that many countries join urgently PSI (Security Initiative against Nuclear proliferation) in order to show the free nations would not let North Korea to have a chance to occupy Seoul for the second time. On the other hand, PSI is in conformity with the regional arrangement for the peace keeping of the United Nations.


4) The National Assembly of South Korea should meet urgently
to vote a motion to give the LMB Government to have a special spending in military defensive means.


Many South Korean people aged less 60, born after 1953 in South Korea, can not realise how much their parents suffered from the invasion of North Korean regime ( 1950-1953).

My family was escaped from North  Korea in 1948 when I was 11 years old. But two years later, the North Korean communists catched us again in South Korea and tried to kill my family which had not enough time to be settled down in South Korea. But we have escaped from them. That is why, I try to wake up the people of South Korea against the propaganda of North regime. The four measures are certainly not against poor North Koreans, but preventive actions against the irresponsible regime of North Korea.


This is not the opinion of the French Association for the United Nations and UNESCO but only this of the author.

Tae-Ho YOO*
Member, French Association for the United Nations
1, Avenue de Tourville, 75007 Paris France
Honorary UNESCO Regional Adviser of Social and Human Sciences for Asia and the Pacific, 7 Place de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris France

*Author of the Korean War and the United Nations, Louvain
University, 1965;
Author of 8th UN Secretary-General / Process of Selection,
Keimyung University, South Korea, 2008.

See more the web site of Yoo Tae-Ho, www.idnetwork.org








 친애하는 시청자 여러분,


추은날씨가  물러가고 해빛이 오는것을 보니 봄이 멀지않어


여러분은  어제 유엔 안보리에서   15국이 만장일치로  북한의

4차 핵실혐에 대한 제재령을  채택한것을 보셧겠지요그러나 이북

정부는150키로메타 대포를 몇번이나,동해바다에 발사한것을  보시고

무슨생각을  하셨는지요 ?

이승만박사는 빨갱이가 한쪽 뺌을 때리면  양쪽 두 뺌을 치라고 하셨지요.

지난 안보리 제재 는  두뺌이 아니고, 한뺌만 때리는것이였어요.

악착스러운  이북 김정은은  무슨수단을  써서라도,  25년동안   희생을 하면서 한국경제를 개발해서  세게수준에 오른 경제를 전쟁으로  파괴하고 한국을 무력으로   스타린이 62.5때 처럼  통일하자는 것이요.

8차 사무총장 한국후보를 위하여 민간단체를 대상으로  지지한 한사람으로 사무총장의 역활이 불량했다고 봅니다왜냐하면,   2006, 2009, 2013  세번 핵실험에 대해  제재 절차에  참석했으나, 2013년에 안보리는  사무총장에게 제재위원회를 통해  필요하다는 조치는  다 동원해서, 북한의 핵무기 생산을  취소하라고  명령했는데지난9년동안 아무런 효과를 내지 못했읍니다.

반면, 주 유엔 미국대사  Saramanta  Power는 밤낫을 가리지않고  57일동안 제재안을  마련해서  성공한것을  치사합니다.

실제로 지난해 101일에  [한국의 잘래 장기개발에대한 15개의 문제]란 글에서  첯번제 한국의 영토방위문제에 대해,  REAL POLITICS 를 구상해야 된다고 주장했읍니다. 다시말하면,  2006년에 첫 핵무기실혐을 한후  지금까지 10년동안에  6자회담도 실패하고중국과 러시아가  배경에 있는한 김정은  게속 WMD을 게속생산할것이라고 판단한후,   한국도 핵무기를  생산해야 된다고 봅니다예를 들어, 인도와 파키스탄은  각자 핵무기를 갖이고 있음으로 전쟁을  조작 못한다고 봅니다. 전쟁을 하기위해서가 아니고한국의 영토를 방위하기위한  필수적인 조치입니다.  


만약  통일을 한다 하드라도  중국은  일본이 중국 상해를 점령해서  1945년까지  낭낑지역에서 중국시민을 이용해서  화학무기시험을  한것을 기억하고 있고, 청일 전쟁의 패배를 언제간 보복 할것 갔고,일본은  2차전쟁후  이러버린  영토를  러시에게 반환하기를 요구 할것갔다.이러한  차원에서  극동에서 전쟁이 발생할 가능성이 있다고 봅니다청일전쟁 과 일쏘 전쟁은  한국의 땅덩어리 때문에 싸움을 한것을  잊어버리지못합니다.  대국간의 전쟁이  한국영토를 이용할 가능성이 

많다고  봄니다. 그러나  만약   한국이 경제와 군사적으로 강하다면 대국들은  극동안전협정 대화에  우리를  일대일로   참가 시길겄입니다.

이러한 차원에서   결론으로,  불가피  핵무기를  마련해야  된다고 생각합니다.

 여러분의 의견을 기대합니다.

 2016 3 3


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시청자 여러분,


몇일전에   김정은이  게속해서   유엔의 제재에 대해 악질적인 행위를 할것이라고 예고한후김정은이가 화학 무기를  드론으로  실어서 남한에  폭발할 가능성을  봄니다

The  TELEGRAPH  신문이  작년 73일에  Julien  Ryall기자의 글을 실린것을 기억하세요 ?

북한의 화학무기릴험실에서  일하든  47씨가   핀란드에 망명을 하고김정은이 어리니나 정치범죄인에게 안트락스 박테리움을  시험한다고 확인했읍니다.

북한을  탈북한 군인들은   북한이1년에  4500통의 화학물품을 생산할수 있다고 선언했읍니다. 국제위기기구의 Daniel Pinkston 은 북한의 화학실험은 유엔국제법을 침범하는 행위라고 선언했고, 멀지않어  김정은을 세게인류를 파괴하는 죄인으로 세게형무재판소에 기소할 예정입니다




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