8th UN Secretary-General / Process of Selection

2008, written, in Korea, by Tae-Ho YOO.



As South Korean, YOO studied Political science at Korea University,
Economic Development at London School of Economics, got Ph.D in
Political Sciences of Louvain University and the degree of 3ème Cycle
in Development of Paris University.
Assumed the work of : Associated Professor of Economics, Sherbrooke
University; lecturer of Economics at Ottawa University; Chief of Research
of Urban Affairs Ministry; Senior Economist of Finance Ministry of
Federal Government of Canada; Senior Program Specialist, Director ai
of the Division of Development Studies of UNESCO and UNESCO
Regional Adviser of Social Sciences for Asia and the Pacific.
Retired from UNESCO and promoted idnetwork.
For the Civil Society and NGOs,
Foundation President of the Federation of Korean Associations in Canada,
Member of Korea University Association, London School of
Economics Association, French Economic Society and Nominator of Seoul
Peace Prize.
Actually, he is the President of International Development  network(idnetwork), Member of French Association for the United
Nations and involved in promoting UN Millenium Development Goals and UNESCO World Heritage.
Published five major works on international relations and development,
30 major working documents on international development for UNESCO
during 18 years.
Speaking Korean, English and French; reading German, Chinese and

Tae-Ho YOO

8, rue de la Vallée

08120 Bogny sur Meuse


Tel: 33 (0)979353492

This book , priced $ 25, can be ordered by e-mail to,

or Tel: 82 53 5806233, Keimung University, Taegu, South Korea.




 Published , 1 June 2009 ( E-2)

The Regime of North Korea attempts to invade again South Korea by all means.

It should be remembered how the Korean War occurred and ended.

In 1947 the United Nations dispatched a Temporary Commission to Korea for organising in 1948 the general elections to constitute a Government throughout Korean peninsula. However, the Soviet Union occupying North Korea started to form a strong army of North Korea to unify the country by force and boycotted the mission of UN Temporary Commission.


In May 1948, under the supervision of the UN Temporary Commission, the general elections were organised in order only in South Korea. The first Republic of Korea was proclaimed and recognised by UN General Assembly in December 1948.

Immediately, the Government of South Korea drew attention to US Government on the necessity to train the army of South Korea in order to face the eventual military aggression of North Korean Army. Unfortunately, US Government did not believe the real intention of Soviet Union to annex South Korea by force in its communist bloc. However, on the occasion of his 70th anniversary, in December 1949, Joseph Stalin, invited MaoTche-Doung and Kim Il-Sung to Moscow and imposed the plan of attack by North Korean Army against South Korea on June 1950.

As foreseen by the military experts of South Korea, on 25 June 1950, the armed forces of North Korean regime launched an attack by surprise beyond the 38th parallel, which was established by USSR and USA.


It took only 3 days for North Korean Army to occupy the capital of South Korea. It was not difficult to expect such catastrophe, as the superiority in arms and in man of North Korean Army to South Korean Army was absolutely evident. It proved also that the American Intelligence failed to evaluate correctly the North Korean strength.


On 27 June 1950, the Security Council of the United Nations condemned the aggression of North Korea and appealed to free nations to come to rescue South Korea, under Article 41 and 42 of the UN Charter. While 6 Soviet bloc's countries opposed to the resolution of Security Council, 53 Member countries replied all to the appeal of Secretary-General Trygve Lie to bring military and civil assistance to South Korea under the UN unified command of General Douglas MacArthur. South Korea and 17 free countries formed the ground, air and naval forces and 5 countries sent medical staff and hospital ships. It is worthy to mention these countries. The combatant foreign countries were USA, UK, France, Canada, Belgium, Luxembourg, Greece, Colombia, Ethiopia, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand's, the Netherlands and China (Formosa). The medical assistance countries were Danmark, Italy, India, Sweeden and Norway.


By September 1950, the magic strategy of General MacArthur consisting of establishing breaking line from Inchon port worked out. The UN Forces succeeded in throwing out the troop of North Korea beyond of 38 Parallel. However, the Korean War lasted until 7 July 1953. Staline and Kim Il-Sung were entirely responsible of provoking this war which resulted in heavy casualties: death and wounded of 474 000 combatants in UN side and 886 000 in North Korean and Chinese side and 2 million dead of civilians in both sides of Korea. Although the Armistice was signed on 27 July 1953, on 38th Parallel and many people suffered, the meaning of this war was that the United Nations did not allow any country to invade another country.


Fifty six years after its invasion of South Korea, the Regime of North Korea attempts to invade again South Korea by all means.

In spite of this historical lesson and unanimous warning and condemnation of the world community against its nuclear test and missile demonstration, the regime of Kim Jung-Il declared the war against South Korea on 27 May 2009.


During last ten years, under the sunshine policy of Kim Dae-Jung, the regime of North Korea abused the generosity of South Korean people. They paid already more than $ 15 Billion and are still paying the considerable amount of money and sending rice and oil to North Korea for North Korean people. In stead of developing agricultural economy in order to feed hungered poor people, the regime of North Korea mobilised all the financial resources including the South Korean money in producing the arms of massive destruction. We remember the scandal of cigarette business and hedge fund business in Macao, which the regime of North Korea undertook several years back.


It should be remembered that in 1990, the regime invited Professor Kim Sang-Hyup, Prime Minister of South Korea to Pyongyang to sign the act for the denuclearization of Korean peninsula in condition that South Korea did not oppose the entry of North Korea in the United Nations. Thus, both Korea were admitted to the United Nations in 1991. The promise of North Korea for the denuclearization of Korea was a simple ruse to enter the UN organisation. It withdrew later unilaterally from Korea Armistice Agreement and NPT.


The Six Party Talk (USA, China, Russia, Japan, South Korea and North Korea) on the nuclear issue of North Korea was considered as logic and coherent instrument for providing development and security by Big three and reducing tension in this area. Before taking office of the United Nations, actual UN Secretary-General invested a lot in this forum as the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of South Korea. In October 2005, the regime of North Korea declared to world it would give up definitively the nuclear project. But suddenly, the North regime made a volte-face and tested a missile test over Japan in 2006 and recently undertook underground nuclear test.

This up side - down, cold and warm mad behaviour became a real danger for the world. The historical lesson for the cause of big war showed that the big wars started from a simple local conflicts and took escalating process to world conflict. Therefore, the world community should not overlook this intolerable behaviour of Kim Jong-Il.


The regime of North Korea considers that the United Nations is a good stage where he can play its propaganda drama for surviving. During last ten years, US Government could not do anything except looking at the show of this North Korean drama, as the Korean Administration did a lot of concession to the regime of North Korea.

South Korea tried to bring out North Korea of international isolation and create a joint economic space.
In 2004, the tourist project was developed by Hyundai. The people of South Korea could travel into Diamond Mountain in North East costal area by cruise. The tourist facilities were built by Hyundai and almost 1000 North Korean workers were employed.
In 2005 the industrial park was also built by South Korean firms in Keasong , located 10 kilometres from Demilitarized Zone. Already 31000 North Korean workers ware employed in 2008 by 72 South Korean firms. The Bank of Korea projected that by 2012, 725 000 North Korean workers will earn $ 500 million and by 2017 the corporate tax will amount to $ 1.78 billion. However, recently the authority of North Korea could not ensure the security of South Korean personnel. Several people were evacuated from Kaesong. Facing the threat of North Korea, it is not sure that this project can endure.


Thus, both governments lost a lot of time. Meantime, the regime of North Korea made several nuclear bombs and many short range missiles which can reach easily South Korea and Japan.


By its mad missile card, the regime of North Korea forced Japan to rearm its army heavily, even possible and rapid production of nuclear arms. I do not think that China wants that situation. Neither Russia wants that situation.


The menace of North Korea is real. It wants to unify by force Korea and come to South Korea to confiscate all the wealth of South Korea, which was made with a lot of people's sacrifice. It thinks it will be more economic to annex rich South Korea in its regime, instead of working hard to build a durable economy. The entire people are suffering from hunger and submitted to severe dictatorship in North Korea. More than 15 000 north Koreans left North Korea and live in South Korea. The regime of North Korea fell again in the category of "Etat Voyou"


There is a possible explanation for this. While South Korea opened its door to the world economy and evolved in the global change, the regime of Kim Jong-Il remained for long time in "ermite" state by refusing looking at rapid change occurring in China and fall of Berlin Wall . Its isolation was accentuated by its retrograded communist ideology and under development, otherwise abject extreme poverty. However, this explanation is a theatrical rhetoric and will serve nothing in the actual dangerous situation.


The urgent question is how we can stop immediately North Korean escalating to war.


Although USA are tied in Afghanistan and Iraq, the US army chiefs are declaring they are ready to fight, Russian and Chinese chancelleries are asking again explanation to the ambassadors of North Korea. They will cry again by saying USA, JAPAN and South Korea will attack North Korea. This song is well known. Meantime, the North Korean ships, aircraft's and tanks are charging their batteries in direction to South Korea and Japan.


The decision of LMB Government for its participation in the PSI (Nuclear Proliferation Security Initiative) is a right decision in terms of legitimate self-defence, because 3 resolutions of UN Security Council in 3 deferent periods against the missile test of North Korea did not serve anything.

There are four recommendations in order:


1) It is urgent for the LMB Government to declare the state of urgency for the legitimate defence of South Korea. This declaration should be limited to a defensive and safeguarding nature for securing South Korean civilians.


2) The United Nations should send immediately a special commission to the Demilitarised Zone of Korea in order to check the military concentration of North Korean forces in southern part of North Korea and envisage preventive military measures in South Korea.

3) It should be advisable that many countries join urgently PSI (Security Initiative against Nuclear proliferation) in order to show the free nations would not let North Korea to have a chance to occupy Seoul for the second time. On the other hand, PSI is in conformity with the regional arrangement for the peace keeping of the United Nations.


4) The National Assembly of South Korea should meet urgently
to vote a motion to give the LMB Government to have a special spending in military defensive means.


Many South Korean people aged less 60, born after 1953 in South Korea, can not realise how much their parents suffered from the invasion of North Korean regime ( 1950-1953).

My family was escaped from North  Korea in 1948 when I was 11 years old. But two years later, the North Korean communists catched us again in South Korea and tried to kill my family which had not enough time to be settled down in South Korea. But we have escaped from them. That is why, I try to wake up the people of South Korea against the propaganda of North regime. The four measures are certainly not against poor North Koreans, but preventive actions against the irresponsible regime of North Korea.


This is not the opinion of the French Association for the United Nations and UNESCO but only this of the author.

Tae-Ho YOO*
Member, French Association for the United Nations
1, Avenue de Tourville, 75007 Paris France
Honorary UNESCO Regional Adviser of Social and Human Sciences for Asia and the Pacific, 7 Place de Fontenoy, 75007 Paris France

*Author of the Korean War and the United Nations, Louvain
University, 1965;
Author of 8th UN Secretary-General / Process of Selection,
Keimyung University, South Korea, 2008.

See more the web site of Yoo Tae-Ho,



Published, 21 June 2009  ( E- 3)

RESOLUTION 1874 ( 12 June 2009) of  UN Security Council

The above resolution was adopted in unanimity in conformity with Article 41 of the UN Charter, against  the nuclear test conducted on 25 May 2009 by North Korea.  This Resolution contains 42 paragraphs.

The main points of this resolution are as follows:

a) Pursuiing the measures decided par para.8(a) of resolution 1718 (2006), the Seucirty Council required the all Member States of the United Nations to undertake the inspection of all cargo to and from North Korea in seaports and airports and report to the inspection committee( IC) the seizure and disposal of materials listed in the list of IC including fuel or supplies or other servicing vessels.

b) The Security Council requested the Member States to prevent the provision of financial services with North Korea contributing to nuclear-related , missile-related or other weapons of mass destruction.

c) The Scurity Council requested to create a group of up to seven experts reporting to the IC.  



We consider that this resolution came out in time in order to respond to many NGO's which were woried about North Korean nuclear escalating. In this ragard, our article of 1 june 2009 ‘ The Regime of North Korea attempts to invade again South korea by all means' contributed to sensitizing the world community on the necessity for the United Nations to undertake urgent measures to stop North Korean military escalating.

This resolution validated officialy PSI which South Korea decided to participate.

Facing this UN resolution which authorized Member States to inspect all ships which come from and go to North Korea for seizuring missile and nuclear relative materials including fuel, the Regime of North Korea has no another choice than cooperating South Korea and the United Nations in giving up its nuclear ambition and building a durable economy in North Korea.

Even China declared that this country is determined to inspect North Korean vessels in order to respect this resolution.


In this regard, even Kim DaeJung , champion of sunshine policy agreed to sanction the regime of North Korea.


Published on 25 August 2009 ( E-4)

Kim Dae Jung, Former President of South Korea, champion of Sunshine policy, was dead on 18th August at age of 85.

The State funeral was organized on 24th August in Seoul.  The delegation of seven political leaders of DPRK was sent by Kim Jung-Il to attend  the funeral of Kim Dae-Jung.  Some sort of atmosphere " Détente" was showed during the day of funeral.

How long  this atmosphere  will last so that Lee Myung Park could propose 4 elements for unification?  The spirit of Sunchine Policy was good. But the modalities of this policy were not consistent, as the North aimed at receiving money from South to make H Bomb.  The so-called autonomy did not target to resolve the problem of food autonomy.  It is the time the North show the good and sincere will to give up the nuclear ambition and cooperate with the Government of Seoul in resolving fundemental problem of food self-reliance and improve the people's life and the human rights.

That was the sincere wish of Kim DaeJung before his death.

In conclusion,  we beg the Regime of North  Korea to accept the UN resolution 1874 and come to cooperate with South Korea in bursting economic development in Kaesong industrial complex and use its financial resources for developing  agricultural projects in order to feed starving North Korean people.




21 August 2015

Kim Jung-Eun, non- experimented and young dictator  might  resort to military adventure? 

On 20 August 2015,  the North Korean Army  provoked  the South

Korean Army by firing  the border region of  south Korea.

The army of South Korea  sent a proportional  reply to the place from which the fire originated.  This is unacceptable provocation. 

After three unanimity condemnations of the UN Security Council on the nuclear  tests of North Korean regime in spite of  the majority people's hunger,  this paranoiac young fellow  assassinated his uncle  last year and recently  his Vice- Prime Minister who resisted againt his plan of invasion of South Korea.

What the Unitede Nations  is  doing  facing this menace of North Korea?

Already in 2010, I suggested to the United Nations to dispatch

an obserber to the Panmoonjom to check the movement of  North Korean army and report the menace of  attack by North Korean army. However, no answer.  That is why I  repeat what  Ban Ki-Moon, UN Secretary- General  is doing. I am very disappointed with his molasse

attitude. What the Delegate of South Korea to the United Nations is

doing in this circumstance? I have not heard even one word.

I suggest strongly the South Korean Delegate to  call immediately to the Security Council to examine the menace of Kim Jung-Eun.

Tae-Ho Yoo

22 August 2015, at 8.30, Paris




These people worked directly or indirectly with me for the ideal of the United Nations and UNESCO.

(1) Pierre Elliott TRUDEAU
Born in MontreaI, Lawyer, Former Prime Minister (1968-1979, 1980-1984), graduated from the Faculty of Law, University of Montréal, took the Master Program at Harvard University, undertook the postgraduate studies at Ecole
des Sciences politiques in Paris and London School of Economics. During his reign of 17 years, he reinforced the Canadian position in the World.

He was the responsible of Bilingualism and Multiculturalism in Canada.
In 1977, he announced the multiculturalism within Bilingualism. He created
the Ministry of Multiculturalism through which he helped the migrant societies
to be integrated in the Canadian society. As the Foundation President of the
Federation of Korean Associations in Canada, I was invited to sit in the
Canadian Consultative Council for Multiculturalism (CCCM) in 1978 and met
Pierre Trudeau at CCCM. He invited me with other leaders of ethnic groups
to the diner for Queen Elisabeth at Laurier Hotel in 1978. He was a pioneer
political leader who mobilised people on the basis of cultural understanding.
The UN circle was very much enchanted by his original idea. After 25 years
of the multiculturalism in Canada, UNESCO adopted the international
convention on cultural diversity in 2004. Already in 1982, Serge Royal, Under
Secretary of State, Government of Canada hosted the UNESCO Symposium
on the Elaboration and Promotion of Indicators of Ethnic and Cultural
Minorities, in Ottawa. Trudeau died in 2000. There were a lot of studies on his political thinking and multiculturalism.
Trudeau was a simple, humble and opened man. He was admired by the Canadians and many foreign people.

(2) LEE Jong-Wook
Lee Jong- Wook, Former Director General of Wolrd Health Organisation, 2005-2006, with children during his visit to Africa. He considered that Africa needed
to be the priority of WHO. He himself cared about the contribution of WHO
to Millennium Development Goals. He enjoyed to visit the field.
This photo was offered by WHO. As nominator of the Seoul Peace Prize, I nominated him as the laureate of 2006 of this prize. Unfortunately, he was dead before receiving this prize. I made a tribute to him for his contribution to health for all in my book ' 8th Secretary-General, Process of Selction', mentionned earlier.

(3) Wassily LEONTIEF, Nobel Prize in Economics
The inter-industry model of Wassily Leontief was spread over the world.
When he freed from Russia to USA, he had this theory of input-output Economics. However, his entry in the American circle of Economists was not easy. What he said to me. I used his theory for writing a thesis triennial economic
planning of South Korean Economy for Paris University. In 1970, I had an unexpected opportunity to accompany from Vermont to Quebec City in
order to participate in an economic seminar at Laval University, Quebec.
Our trip of 4 hours passed so quickly when he told his adventure to
escape from Russia and conquer a new world of North America. He was
In 1975 he got the Nobel Prize in Economics. I invited him to UNESCO
to hear his view on Development. After his Nobel Prize, he had solicitude
a lot everywhere. I did not expect his positive answer. But it was a surprise.
He called me. "Well, I remember you in Quebec. I accept your invitation
with pleasure." He avoided the sophisticated theory of development. Simply,
he presented Development as a journey of Caravanserai in the African
desert. To succeed his journey, the chief of expedition should have three
elements: Human capital, equipment capital and leadership to achieve the
This hard journey needs qualified strong men, adequate equipment and
Carmel to resist against wind and hot temperature and solidarity of people
under organisation. Thus, like Korean people, who invested massively in
education to build strong human resources, we have to start to reinforce
education first for development. He came to our residence to have a dinner
with my family.
As he liked Paris so much, he walked in many streets and missed his
airplane. But Air France offered a sit in Concord.

(4) Ousman SILLA (first from right)
Met him in 1976 in Ottawa and co -operated for preparing the UNDP
project "Socio -Economic Planning for the Countries of Sahara" in 1979. ln
1990, when he was the Resident Representative of UNDP in Gabon, we
organised UNESCO- UNDP African Training Seminar on the Integration of
Culture in development Planning, Libreville, with Gabon Government and the
Institute of Civilisation Bantu. ln 1995, he moved to Addis Abeba as the UNDP
Resident Representative to the African Union. During a meeting of Union
African, he passed away in 1997. He devoted himself to the development
of Africa. We both shared the view that the culture is fundamental in framing
the sustainable development process.

(5) YOON Suk-Heun (3rd from left) and Amadou M'Bow
Yoon Suk-Heun
Graduated in 1944 from Bosung University which became Korea University
and graduated in 1949 from Seoul National University in Political Science.
Director of PoliticalAffairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs(1954), after having
assumed several missions for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1959 to
1966, he became Ambassador of Korea to Philippines in 1967. From 1969
to 1974, as Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of Korea, he concentrated in
upgrading the capacity of the personnel of his Ministry and implementing
new foreign policy of Korea after the Nixon's foreign policy to China and
attempting the inter-Korean dialogues. Assuming the role of Korean Observer
to the United Nations(1979 -1981), he improved the relations with non- aligned
and developing countries in the area of south- south technical co-operation.
Became Ambassador to France and UNESCO(82-85), on behalf of Korea,
he contributed financial contribution for crating the Prize of Sejong for the
people or institutions devoting to literacy movement.
As same fellow of Korea University, I received a lot of his advice and
assistance for developing the projects of UNESCO in Korea in the domain of
Social and Human Sciences. When I read the kind letter of Park Chung-Hee
addressed to Yoon on 28 March 1974, I can see that he was the most
intelligent and devoted civil servant of Korea.
Amadou M'Bow (3rd from right)
Former Minister of Education of Senegal and Director General of UNESCO
(1975- 1987). In 1978, among more than 50 candidates to the post of Program
Specialist in charge of program "Socio - Economic Indicators", Sector of
Social Sciences, UNESCO, M'Bow selected me, considering that my thesis
on triennial economic development planning of Korea presented to Paris
University was appropriated to the UNESCO program.

(6) LEE Chul Seung (1st from right)
granted to Yunus, laureate of 2006 the Prize and plaque.
Graduated from Korea University. Former Member of the Korea National
Assembly over 20 years and actually the President of Seoul Cultural Foundation
which since 1988 grants the peace prize to the individuals and institutions
devoted to peace building in the world. Since 2002, on the request of Lee
Chul-Seung, I am collaborating with him as Nominator of Seoul Peace prize.

(7) Baron George Henry DUMONT
Baron Dumont was the President of the Commission of Program and Budget of UNESCO Executive Board and Secretary-General of Belgian Commission for UNESCO.
He accepted my request to hoste in 1981 the "International Meeting of Experts on the social Integration of handicapped", in the famous Palace of Egmont, Brussel. This meeting was an UNESCO's contribution to the UN International year of Handicapped. Since 1988, he is the member of "Académie royale de Langue et de Littérature françaises".
Since 1941, he published about 54 essays and books in the area of Belgian
histories, in particular.

(8) Michel DOUGINGUE (second from left)
Former Director of UN Research and Training Institute and UNDP African
Director who chaired the Meeting of Addis Ababa for operational projects
and provided to me the occasion to implement the project "Socio-Economic
Planning for the Countries of Sahara". This project allowed elaborating
socio-economic Indicators of Sahara and train 175 middle level planners
during 4 years. I took part of the UNESCO delegation to this meeting.

(9) Erwin SOLOMON (1st from right)
Former UNESCO Director of the Division of Socio -Economic Analysis,
Sector of Social Sciences. He was the unique US senior officiail of UNESCO
with outstanding achievement of major program "Socio-Economic Indicators".
In 1979, l joined him. He confered to me the major program Applications
of socio-economic Indicators in development planning. In 1981, we went
together to Seoul in order to organise the most important UNESCO Symposium
on the Applicability of Indicators of socio-economic changes for development
planning, in collaboration with Park Bong-Sick, Secretary-General of Korean
National Commission for UNESCO (KNCU) and UN University.


(10) PARK Bong-Sick (2nd from right)
Former Secretary-General of KNCU and former President of Seoul National
University hosted the meeting above mentioned. Without the financial contribution
of KNCU, it was not possible to organise such big meeting. This meeting
contributed to enhance the impact of rapid socio-economic change and frame
more balanced growth between cities and rural areas and social development
and economic development not only for UNESCO but also for Korea.

For 11and 12.

As Representative of UNESCO Director General and UNESCO Regional
Adviser of Social Sciences for Asia and the Pacific, I supported financially
and technically 11th Biennial Conference of AASSREC (Association of Asian
Social Science Research Councils), held in New Delhi, India, 16-21 October,
1995. I had the privilege to deliver a speech on the management of social
transformation, which was the main theme of this conference. This conference
was well organised by Dr. Vinod Mehta, in collaboration with Dr. Lorna Makil.
Later he headed the Indian Council of Social Science Research.

(11) A.M.Khusro (2nd from left), Chairman, Institute of Economic Growth,
Chairman, Aga Khan Foundation in India, as keynote speaker, stressed the
importance to elucidate the process of social transformation of Western
world and its impact in developing countries.

(12) R.Radhakrishnan (in the middle), outgoing president of AASSREC,
Head of Indian Council of Social Science Research, welcome 12 Councils and
other social scientists to this conference. Both South and North Korean councils
of social science attended this conference. He wished that this conference
could provide a critical analysis of social transformation and a positive social
and economic perspective of Asia and the Pacific. He finally thanked UNESCO.
Teng Teng (China, 1st from left), Neuyoshi Toshitani (Japan, 2nd from right)
were Vice-Presidents of AASSREC. Tae-Ho YOO (South Korea, 1st from right) was UNESCO Regional Adviser of Social Sciences for Asia and the Pacific.

(13) LIU GuoGuang
Former Vice-President of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), actually Special Adviser to CASS and Board Member of Chinese Social Security Fund. When I visited CASS in 1982 in order to identify the area of UNESCO's assistance for China, he received me kindly and reached an agreement to undertake several projects with CASS. The first activity was the organisation of the UNESCO Seminar on the Use of Socio-Economic Indicators in Development Planning in China, 1983, in collaboration with CASS and the Chinese Commission for UNESCO.
About 100 national experts participated in this meeting and the materials
published were largely diffused in China.
The second activity was the organisation of UNESCO workshop on the
elaboration and use of Human Resources Development Indicators in China,
in Beijing in 1987. In 1988, Liu GuoGuang published a book "The China
Economy 2000". His vision on market economy was clearly illustrated in
this book. These projects were very useful in assisting China for up grading
human resources necessary to build its market economy and opening to
the world.

Third project was to assemble about 100 leaders of human
resources managers in small and medium enterprises in China in 1995.
This UNESCO symposium had a partner as Chinese Commission for
UNESCO and Renmin University and received 100 study reports from
experts and managers and had created a Chinese Association of researchers
on human resources development.

(14) MU GuoGuang (3rd sit from left)
Former Rector of the University of Nankai, TianJin and actually Professor
at this university. In 1994, he hosted the UNESCO Conference of the Presidents
of Asia and Pacific Universities on the theme "brain drain." This issue was
critical, as many Chinese graduated from American universities do not come
back to China. The International Association of Universities under UNESCO was
co-organiser with the University of Nankai.
On behalf of UNESCO, I delivered a statement on the necessity to reinforce
the human resources development in Asia.

(15) WANG Lin Xue
Graduated from Nankai Univeristy from which Choo En-lai was graduated,
Professor of Arts at University of Nankai. He became famous for his painting
of Bamboo. He has a painting studio in Beijing which many international dignities
visited for admiring his bamboo paintings. He is also a philanthropic. He made
a generous financial contribution to the Conference of the Presidents of Asian
and Pacific Universities in 1994. He is also an engaged artist. He is a National
Committee Member of Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference.
He is considering to create a cultural foundation in order to promote the
culture and development. In this regard, as he is the Professor at the China
Central University of Nationalities, in 2000 he sponsored the organisation of
9th Seminar of China Research Association of bilingual Education for Nationalities and the first international symposium on Bilingual Education. I was invited to this meeting. However, as I could not go, I sent a paper on the bilingualism and multiculturalism in Canada.
One time, with humility he conferred to me a secret. Even before the
establishment of diplomatic relations between China and South Korea, he acted
as Vice-president of China-Korea Friendship Association. No body in Korea invited him. Wang and his charming wife have a wonderful son. Both said: As people of TianJin, they are looking often for Korean people as their Far East good neighbours.
Thérèse YOO(2nd from right) who accompanied me for the first time to China.

(16) PARK Soo-Gil
Graduated from Korea University. Former Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs of South Korea, Ambassador of South Korea to Moroco, Canada,
UN (Geneva) and UN (New York). While he was Ambassador of South Korea to the United Nations and Member of UN Security Council, he chaired the
Security Council.
On 5 December 1997, Park made an important speech at the 52 Session of the UN General Assembly on the conflict between Israel and Palestine, in particular non-zero sum game between two nations for preserving a peace in this region.

He stated also that South Korea has earmarked 15 million UN Dollars for the period of 1994- 1998 for Palestinian people.
0n December 14, 1997, at the UN Security Council, Park supported the
draft resolution on the inter-Tajik peace process by saying that peace in
Tajikstan is vital for peace and security of entire Central Asian region which
is inhabited by nearly 300,000 ethnic Koreans.
He also made dynamic the Korean Association for the United Nations as
president. Actually, he is the Member of Committee for Seoul Peace Prize
and the invited Fellow at International Graduate School of Korea University.
He knew Ban Ki-Moon better than anybody else, as Ban worked for long
time with Park at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of South Korea.
As a class mate of secondary school, I had several occasions to exchange
views on the issues of the United Nations and UNESCO.

(17) CHA In-Suk (2nd from right)
Former Secretary-General of Korean National Commission for UNESCO
(KNCU) and Professor of Philosophy of Seoul National University; actually
Vice -President of Asian Association of Philosophy and Professor of UNESCO
Chair for Philosophy.
As Secretary-General of KNCU, Cha In-Suck had arranged the collaboration
of Kyung Nam University and Keimyung University with UNESCO in order to
organise respectively the international Symposium on Culture and Development
in a new Era and in a Transforming World, Seoul, 1993 and Asian Expert
Meeting on social Education for Women in the context of Human Rights,
Taegu, 1995.
In 1994, he provided the financial and technical assistance to the organisation
of UNESCO (Bangkok) Asian Workshop on EPD( Environment, Population and
Development), in collaboration with Chinese Commission for UNESCO, Beijing,
1994. The main organisation of the meeting was managed by Lucille Gregorio,
Senior Specialist of Education, UNESCO (Bangkok). 12 country and regional
organisation experts and 4 UN agencies UNEP, FAO, UNFPA, UNICEF and
UNESCO (Beijing), UNESCO (New Delhi), UNESCO (Paris)) participated. This meeting resulted in framing the Asian future network on EPD.

(18) YANG Tae-Kyu (first from right)
Graduated from Korea University. Former Director General of Maghreb
(1980-1982), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of South Korea, Consulate
General of South Korea in Montréal and Ambassador to Haiti and actually
Professor of Economics at the University of Uzbekistan for Korean International
Co-operation Agency. When he was the Director General of Maghreb of
MFA, he facilitated the participation of countries which had no diplomatic
relations with Korea, in the international meeting on the applicability of
the Indicators of socio-economic change in Development Planning in
1981, such as Algeria. The participant of Algeria opened a route towards
diplomatic relations between Korea and Algeria. In 2006, during the campaign
of the UN Secretary-General, he provided assistance to get information on
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MOFAT).

(19) Miguel Angel ESTRELLA
Pianist of world reputation, from Argentina, teaches piano and jury
member of several international piano contests, gives concerts in France,
Argentina, USA, Canada, Bresil, Chili, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay and
A humanist musician plays for disadvantaged publics. He mix up
folkloric music's of Latin America with classic music's. In 1992, he participated
in UNESCO meeting of Latino-American countries on the integration of
Culture in Development Planning, which I organised. The outcome of this meeting allowed UNESCO to organise the International Meeting of Experts on the Promotion of Cultural Indicators, Cairo, 1993, in collaboration with the Egyptian
Commission for UNESCO whose the Secretary-General and Member of
UNESCO Executive Board was Fathal El-Kathib. From last year, UNESCO
started the elaboration of cultural Indicators, in collaboration with OECD.
So, the report of the Cairo Meeting became a reference document for

(20) LIM Moun-Young
Dr. LIM got Ph.D of Sociology from Paris University. He was the Director
of Program Culture of Korean National Commission for UNESCO(KNCU). At
KNCU, for the first time in Korea, Dr. LIM elaborated the cultural indicators
of Korea, in collaboration with Korea Central Statistics Bureau.
Appointed Professor of French Studies at Keimyung University, Taegu,
Korea and later Director of the Institute of International Studies. For this
international expertise, I had the pleasure to invite him to international expert
Meeting of UNESCO on the elaboration and use of cultural indicators in
development planing which took place in Cairo in 1991. Of course, he
presnted the paper entitled "Korean cultural indicators" to this meeting and
generated an interesting discussion. While he was the Director of the Institute
of International Studies at Keimyung University, he made an arrangement
to organise jointly with UNESCO a regional expert meeting on social education
for women in the context of Human Rights.

10 june 2011

Summary of NGOs Concerns on the Performance of UN Secretary-General ( UNSG) from January 2007 to April 2011 in eight major areas:

North Korea should respect first the UN Security Council's Resolution 1874 (2009)


La Corée du Nord se dit prête à envisager un moratoire sur le nucléaire

Mis à jour le 24.08.11 à 14h38

Kim Jong-il est prêt à envisager de suspendre les essais nucléaires et la production d'armes atomiques de la Corée du Nord en échange d'une reprise des pourparlers internationaux sur le programme nucléaire de Pyongyang, a annoncé le Kremlin ce mercredi.

Cet engagement, pris à l'occasion d'une entrevue du dirigeant nord-coréen avec le président russe Dmitri Medvedev en Sibérie, semble accroître les chances de relancer les négociations à six que la Corée du Nord a interrompues en 2008.

 This news ( 24th August 2011)  needs to be  understood as Russia and North Korea did not  remember the UN Security Council's Rsolution 1874( 2009) which condemned the nuclear test of North Korea  and demanded to North Korea to cease immediately the nuclear test and retract its announcement of withdrawl from the NPT.  There is no condition for North Korea to come back to six party talk.  However, South Korea should not go to this talk if it does not  find any utility.